GEORG LUKACS. History and Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. II The Antinomies of Bourgeois. Lukács’ Reification and the Class Consciousness of the Proletariat is a disorganized but masterful essay written in the aftermath of the greatest. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.
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Georg [György] Lukács
This framework is most clearly reificatuon in his two systematic attempts to produce a philosophy of art in Heidelberg GW 16 and The individual can use his knowledge of these laws to his own advantage, but he is not able to modify the process by his own activity.
It is through his own movements that he establishes equivalence.
This neglect of the personification of things hampers an explanation for the constitution of reification. Philosophy can attempt to assemble the whole of knowledge encyclopaedically see Wundt. This topic is dominant both in the History of the Modern Drama of and in the Theory of the Novel of By realizing that it is the subject-object of history, the proletariat discovers itself to be the subject of the process of social reproduction see a: He admits, however, that the notion of totality as the product of a collective subject, as he developed it inneeded to be modified in order to remedy these consciounsess.
Today, his most widely read works are the Theory of the Novel of and History and Class Consciousness of Articles containing German-language text. But his essay has been widely described as idealist, as over-playing the role of consciousness in the development of class struggle.
Georg [György] Lukács (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Competition between the different owners of commodities would not be feasible if there were an exact, rational, systematic mode of functioning for the whole of society to correspond to the rationality of isolated phenomena. It presupposes a society so structured. They overlook the fact that there are qualitative conditions attached to these quantitative relations, that it is not merely a question of units of value which can easily be compared with each other but also use-values of a definite kind which must fulfil a definite function in production and consumption.
Reification consciousnwss when specifically human creations are misconceived as “facts of nature, results of cosmic laws, or manifestations of divine will”.
The laws governing these objects are indeed gradually discovered by man, but even so they confront him as invisible forces that generate their own power. It is only from the standpoint of the proletariat that history ceases to be: Subjectively, the divorce between work and the individual off and needs of the worker produces comparable effects upon consciousness.
For vulgar political economy, which seeks to represent capital as an independent source of value, of value creation, this form is naturally a veritable find.
An increase or decrease in wage for the worker is a qualitative fact which permeates their inner life. Create a free website or blog at WordPress. MIT Press,pp.
Notes on Lukacs and Reification I. | reificationofpersonsandpersonificationofthings
He finds it already pre-existing and self-sufficient, it functions independently of him and he has to conform to its laws whether he likes it or not. For consciousnesz landowner ground and earth mean nothing but ground-rent; he lets his land to tenants and receives the rent – a quality which the ground can lose without losing any of its inherent qualities such as its fertility; it is a quality whose magnitude and indeed existence depends on social relations that are created and abolished without any intervention by the landowner.
Trotsky once wondered how it was possible that the man who formulated the theory of evolution was in the same moment a devoted believer in God.
It becomes a property of money to generate value and yield interest, much as it is an attribute of pear trees to bear pears. Marx often describes this potentiation of reification in incisive fashion. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: There are others who embrace immediacy and exalt their own ignorance. However, it is clear from his writings that he publicly defended Stalinist dogmas both in aesthetics and politics during the s, s and s a,while criticizing Stalin and Stalinism repeatedly later on see This, too, becomes distorted.
Continued exchange and more regular reproduction for exchange reduces this arbitrariness more and more.
The core of this argument is the claim that the dominance of the commodity form in the economic sphere must necessarily lead to the dominance of rational calculation and formal reason in society as a whole. Luchterhand cited as GW. Nor is it a matter of fixed or circulating capital, but rather of machines, raw materials, labour-power of a quite definite technically defined sort, if disruptions are to be avoided.
Merlin, see part I in GW The most accessible collection is the incomplete German edition of his works:. But this simply shifts the question from the main issue to more and more derivative and reified stages without ,negating the formalism of the method and the elimination from the outset of the concrete material underlying it.